Ascomycota, Pezizomycotina, Hypocreales, Nectriaceae. Genus: DIALONECTRIA

Recommended barcoding gene: translation elongation factor 1-apha (TEF1). One of the classical ascomycete genera, containing numerous species that mostly grow with brighly colored perithecia on old fruitbodies of wood-inhabiting fungi. In culture, fusarium-like conidial states are formed in addition to ascomata. The group is phylogenetically diverse and has been subdivided into several genera divided over families Nectriaceae and Bionectriaceae.

Generic type species:  Sphaeria episphaeria Tode (1791) = Dialonectria episphaeria (Tode) Cooke (1884).

Dialonectria species hyperparasitizing on old fungal fruitbodies on decaying wood in nature. A, B. Dialonectria episphaeria on Hypoxylon; C. Dialonectria episphaeria on crust fungus; D. Dialonectria diatrypicola on Diatrype sp.; Dialonectria cosmariospora on Inonotus nodulosus. Courtesy Romana Ambrožič (A, B), Aldert Gutter (C), Alain Gardiennet (D), Roman Maňák (E).

Mycobank link