Glossary – D

Terminology used in this Atlas is explained below. The reader is also referred to the Dictionary of the Fungi (Hawksworth et al., 1995). For descriptive terms in morphology, the Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology (Ulloa & Hanlin, 2000) is recommended. Diagram of used shape terminology


Glossary – D

dematiaceous – pigmented in olivaceous or brown colours.

denticle – toothlike conidiumbearing projection.

dermatomycosis – cutaneous infection of hair, skin or nails.

dermatophyte – fungus classified in Epidermophyton, Microsporum or Trichophyton.

dermatophytosis – cutaneous infection by a dermatophyte.

dextrioid – staining yellowishbrown with Melzer’s iodine.

dichotomous – forked, with two symmetrical branches.

diffluent – breaking up in water.

diminutive – smaller in length or width than the usual.

dimorphic – displaying two morphological types, one environmental and one invasive.

diploid – containing a double set of chromosomes.

disarticulation – falling apart into separate cells.

discrete – separate; in morphology: singlecelled; in taxonomy: clearly delimited group.

disease – damage to host tissue resulting from fungal growth.

disjunctor – structure between conidia to promote their disarticulation.

disseminated mycosis – fungal growth in various deep organ tissues located at some distance from each other.

distoseptate – conidia subdivided by inner wall layer only.

doliiform – barrelshaped, ellipsoidal with flattened poles.

dolipore – septal pore of Basidiomycota in which the walls of the pore canal are variously inflated.

dorsiventral – direction from upper side towards lower side.

downy – covered with short aerial hyphae.

dyspnea – difficulty in breathing.