Terminology used in this Atlas is explained below. The reader is also referred to the Dictionary of the Fungi (Hawksworth et al., 1995). For descriptive terms in morphology, the Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology (Ulloa & Hanlin, 2000) is recommended. Diagram of used shape terminology
Glossary – F
facultative pathogen – having a preference for invasion of the mammal body during a part of the life cycle, but also being able to reproduce in the environment, and thus being transmitted from host to environment and vice versa.
falcate – curved fusiform, narrow sickleshaped.
false beak – extension of a conidium that produces new conidia to become catenate.
false chain – fragile conidial chain which grows at the base by repetitive formation of individual conidia through the same scar.
false septum – conidial compartmentation which does not involve a complete septum.
farinose – with minute granules like flour.
fascicle – small, irregular, compact bundle of hyphae.
favic chandelier – small aggregate of densely branched antlerlike hyphae.
felty – with depressed, dense, irregular aerial mycelium.
filiform – threadshaped.
fission – a discrete cell is divided with one or more septa, each segment becoming liberated as a separate cell.
flagella – whiplike appendage of motile cell.
flaring – with irregular remains of cell walls.
flaskshaped – with obovoidal base and short neck.
flexuose – with smooth bends.
floccose – with irregular tufts of aerial mycelium.
footcell – basal conidial cell in Fusarium macroconidium; hyphal element continuous with conidiophore stipe in Aspergillus.
frill – minute remains of outer cell wall after liberation of conidium.
fringed – with thin, often submerged, radial growth at the margin.
funiculose – aggregated into ropelike strands.
furrowed – with deep fissures.
fuscous – dark greyishbrown.
fusiform – spindleshaped, swollen near the middle, strongly narrowed towards both ends.